“Do not, therefore, do injustice to yourselves. Remember one day you will meet Allah and answer your deeds. So beware, do not stray from the path of righteousness after I am gone.”
These words were said by Prophet Muhammad (S.A.W) in his speech at the annual rites of Hajj. Also known as the Farewell Pilgrimage.
Hajj is one of the five pillars of Islam. It is an obligation on every Muslim who can afford it physically and financially at least once in his/her life. Prophet Muhammad performed Hajj once in the 10th year of Hijrah. He headed for Makkah accompanied by nearly 100,000 followers. In this Pilgrimage, he explained by example all the obligations and rules of Hajj and gave his famous speech known as The Final Sermon.
As the Prophet and his followers arrived at Makkah they started to say Talbiyah in a strong voice. “Labbaik Allahumma Labbaik, Labbaik La Sharika Lak Labbaik”. Then they started performing their Hajj. On the ninth day, they stood on Mount Arafa and during the Sermon. This passage of Quran was revealed to the Prophet: “ Today I have perfected your religion and I have completed My blessing upon you and I have approved Islam for your religion.”
After they finished praying, he turned to the crowds and said “ let the Quran and My Sunnah be your guide through life. Always know that Muslims are brothers that should stand together and help one another.” The sermon was repeated sentence by sentence by Safwan’s brother Rabiah (RA), who had a powerful voice. At the request of the Prophet, he faithfully proclaimed to the thousands gathered on the occasion.
After the sermon, the Prophet looked up and cried, “My Lord, Have I delivered the message I was charged with and fulfilled my calling?”. Then he told the gathering, “you will be asked about me, so what will you say?”
They answered with one voice: “We bear witness that you have conveyed Allah’s message and have performed your duty and that you have meant goodness for us.” Pointing his index finger towards heaven and then to the people, he said, “Oh Allah, be witness, Oh Allah be witness.” The Prophet ended his speech by saying, “Let those present convey the message to the absent ones.”